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Observations on Medetera jacula (Fallén, 1823)
Nikita Vikhrev

M. jacula, a painfully common late summer-autumn species?

Jere Kahanpaa (
Being very common, large and comparatively easy to identify Medetera jacula presents a good opportunity to observe Medetera behaviour.
During the period 2 August -15 September, 2006 I observed the life of Medetera jacula (= Medetera in text) on an old Salix alba growing on pasture near a small pond, Moscow region, near Dmitrov town, for a total of 30 hours.
Medetera was numerous on chosen trees during all periods of observation; often I could see 3-8 flies at once. In mid September Medetera suddenly disappeared; on 9 Sept they were still common; on 14 Sept I found only 3 specimens; on 15 Sept not one.
On the trunk they concentrate mostly between 0 and 1 m high, but some flies may be seen up to a height of 3 m. It seems that for Medetera it does not matter whether it is a sunny or shadowy part of trunk, but when the weather is rainy, they prefer (not exclusively) sites of dry bark. During rain I found more flies at a height of 1-2 m. Cold and rainy weather does not disturb Medetera activity. Also Medetera could be found on the grass around the tree. I have seen both sexes in approximately equal proportion. Medetera are active till deep twilight; once I even observed a hunting fly 15 minutes after astronomical sunset in cloudy evening.

Most of the time Medetera sits motionless on the trunk, looking towards sky with abdomen down and head up. This position seems to be on one hand most ergonomic, on the other hand it gives highest possible field of view. Let it be called 'waiting' position.
When detecting the prey Medetera changes position into 'hunting' one, with the body parallel to the trunk. Thus Medetera is ready to attack or run after the prey along the trunk. If the prey stops moving, Medetera freezes in hunting position too and leaves freezing for 5-20 sec.
When eating the prey, the fly again uses waiting position. I very often observed the cleaning procedure immediately after feeding. Females in most cases regard head cleaning to be enough (fig. 1), males on the other hand seem to be more tidy, but they do not regard head cleaning of such importance, being much more concerned of hygiene of their genitalia.
For overnight they seem to use a special position with the body parallel and pressed to the bark.

< - - - Please note: There are another three pages in this article! - - - >
#11 | Petr Michael on 28 October 2009 10:15:39
I have never read and seen anything else as for a fly
#12 | Keith Short on 11 September 2014 21:01:53

I am interested in rearing some dolis, especially Condylostylus species. Have you ever tried to raise eggs layed by squeezing the female's abdomen? I have had no luck searching for the larvae.


#13 | Nikita Vikhrev on 27 October 2014 13:49:11
Dear Keith, excuse my long overlooking your question.
I had never deal with rearing, so I have no experience. Concerning Medetera I wondered why I had never seen egg laying. The presence of eggs inside females confirmed my suspicion that "hunting trees" and "ovipositing trees" are not the same. What the requirments is for atree to be "ovipositing" one - I do not know...
Best wishes,
#14 | Paul Beuk on 30 October 2014 11:00:52
I once reared two Medetera from dead pine on which I also found Zabrachia (Stratiomyidae). The microclimate on a dead tree may be different than that on a living one and thus attract other organisms on the outside surface of the bark. So, while the dead tree may be interesting for larval development, it may not be so for adults to hunt on.
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28 May 2024 18:26


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Last updated: 25.08.2011
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07.03.24 00:01
Some flies preserved in ethanol and then pinned often get the eyes sunken, how can this be avoided? Best answer: I usually keep alcohol-collected material in alcohol

17.08.23 15:23

17.08.23 13:54
Tony, I HAD a blank in the file name. Sorry!

17.08.23 13:44
Tony, thanks! I tried it (see "Cylindromyia" Wink but don't see the image in the post.

17.08.23 11:37
pjt - just send the post and attached image. Do not preview thread, as this will lose the link to the image,

16.08.23 08:37
Tried to attach an image to a forum post. jpg, 32kB, 72dpi, no blanks, ... File name is correctly displayed, but when I click "Preview Thread" it just vanishes. Help!

23.02.23 21:29
Has anyone used the Leica DM500, any comments.

27.12.22 21:10
Thanks, Jan Willem! Much appreciated. Grin

19.12.22 11:33
Thanks Paul for your work on keeping this forum available! Just made a donation via PayPal.

09.10.22 17:07
Yes, dipterologists from far abroad, please buy your copy at veldshop. Stamps will be expensive, but he, the book is unreasonably cheap Smile

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